Rivers do Not to be Borders – The Phenomenon of the Danubian Culture (a comparative reflection in cultural history of Europe)

Profound and complex cultural inter-penetrating also resulted from close contacts among people using the river for transports. If the official history of the Danube is that of politics and navigation mostly, this is not a consequence of absence of evidence in other domains, but rather that of absence of consequential historiography. Evidences of cultural interference along the banks of the Danube are various and numerous, going from houses and clothes to social practices and popular culture. The cultural parallels among the Danube countries become obvious if only one cares to make a real or literary voyage on the Danube from its source to its mouth. The cultural similarities flowing by on its banks, from one region to another, are striking.

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Roman Limes: Frontier line of the Roman Empire in the Iron Gate area

Relief depicting the bridge on the Danube

The Djerdap, or Iron Gate region encompasses the banks of the Danube from Golubac (Roman Cuppae) to the mouth of the river Timok (Roman Timacus) with its immediate hinterlands. In this region for millions of years the Danube cut its way through the rocky massif of the Transylvanian Carpathians, forming not only the largest but also one of the most beautiful river gorges in Europe. Between the river and the mountains of Homolje, Miroc, and Deli Jovan on its south bank, the space available for human habitation is very limited. In some parts of the Danube gorge, there are many submerged reefs, rapids and cataracts, while in the Great and Small Gorges in the middle of the canyon, the Danube is the deepest river in Europe. In antiquity the river often froze during severe winters, making crossings very easy during those periods. From the end of the Gorge, at the Roman castellum Diana, to the mouth of the Timok river, the Danube again becomes a broad and smooth flowing stream with numerous islands and sandbars. Inland from its banks, endless plains, fields, and forests spread. in this Iron Gate region, which is some 120 Roman miles long, some of the oldest cultures connected with the origins of European civilization developed. The river also separated two worlds which, most of the time from the prehistoric period to the Middle Ages, were in opposition to one another. From the north side of the river arose problems and threats to the peoples occupying the south bank, and it also happened that it was on this stretch of the river that the Roman empire steadfastly defended the integrity of its borders for four long centuries.

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Neovlašćena iskopavanja pokretnih kulturnih dobara

staklena posuda

Rad smešta živu ilegalnu aktivnost trgovine pokretnim kulturnim dobrima u širu istorijsku i geografsku ravan. Kroz davanje prilika u svetu, ali i kroz upoznavanje sa istorijskim prilikama u Braničevskom okrugu, koji je izabran za proučavanje zbog raznovrsnosti faktora koji su uticali na nelegalnu trgovinu arheološkim blagom, moguće je bliže upoznati se sa uzrocima stvaranja nove delatnosti nadri-arheologije na temeljima viševekovnih trgovačkih puteva, blizine granice preko Dunava, jakih društvenih veza sa inostranstvom, ali prevashodno na bogatsvu kulturnih nalazišta kojim obiluje ova regija. Rad prati uključenost lokalnog stanovništva u organizovanom lancu trgovine i razmatra brojne aspekte neformalne ekonomije koji su sa njom u vezi.

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Нематеријално културно наслеђе – Могућности и опасности употребе у туристичке сврхе (Апстракт)

UNESCO Конвенција о заштити нематеријалног културног наслеђа донета је 2003. год, а Парламент Р.Србије је ратификовао 5. маја ове године. Нематеријално културно наслеђе укључује усмена предања, извођачке уметности, друштвене обичаје, ритуале и светковине, знања и вештине везане за природну околину, традиционалне занате. У овом случају заштита, насупрот конзервацији материјалних споменика културе, значи обезбеђивање услова за континуелну ре-креацију, развој и адаптацију традиција, али тако да остану релевантне за заједницу којој припадају.

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