Economic Basis for Cooperation in the Sava River Basin

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Author: MSc Biljana Savić, Senior Associate, Main bank of RS, Central bank of B&H, e-mail: bsavic@bl.cbbh.ba

this is part 3 of the series Regional Cooperation within the Sava Commission for Sustainable Development of B&H; see Part 1, Part 2

The population of the Sava River Basin is approximated at 8.176.000, which is 46% of the total population of all countries. The population of the Sava River Basin in Bosnia and Herzegovina is 75% of total population in that country, in Slovenia 61%, in Croatia 50% and in Republic of Serbia 25%. There are 2 379.000 employed people in the Sava River Basin, which represents 29% of all inhabitants in the Sava River Basin and 45% of all employed people in the countries (see table bellow).

Population and number of employees in the Sava River Basin per country (in 1.000s)

Country

Population

Employees

whole country

Sava River Basin

Share

(%)

whole country

Sava River Basin

Share

(%)

Slovenia

2.003

1.230

61

921

593

64

Croatia

4.442

2.210

50

1.496

781

52

Bosnia and Hercegovina

3.843

2.882

75

811

608

75

Serbia

7.441

1.854

25

2.069

397

19

Total

17.729

8.176

46

5.297

2.379

45

Source: ISRBC, The Sava River Basin Analysis – Summary, December 2010, p. 27

Figure 3. Number of employees in the Sava River Basin by sector and country (in 1,000s); Source: ISRBC, The Sava River Basin Analysis – Summary, December 2010, p. 27.

In the Sava River Basin 31% of all employed people work in the other activities sector such as: construction, wholesale and retail trade, hotels, restaurants, transport, storage and communication, financial intermediation, real estate, renting and business activities; 27% work in the industry sector, 29 % work in the public sector, 12% work in the agriculture and 1% work in the energy sector.1 According to the Labor Force Survey in Bosnia and Herzegovina, the structure of employees by activity in 2011 shows that 51,5 % were employed in services, 28,9% in non-agricultural sectors (industries), and 19,6% in agriculture. The number of unemployed persons in 2011 was 310.947. The percentage of unemployed in 2011 compared with 2010 increased by 0,4% and thus the unemployment rate in 2011 was 27, 6%. The highest unemployment rate of 39,0% was in Brčko District, than in the Federation of Bosnia and Herzegovina was 29,2%, and the lowest unemployment rate of 24,5% was in Republika Srpska.2

The total gross value added (GVA) of the Sava River Basin is 40.039 milion euros. The contribution of the economic sectors to the GVA is following: the other activities sector 51%, the industry 22%, the public sector 17%, the agriculture 6% and the energy sectors 4%. The gross domestic product (GDP) in the Sava River Basin represents 53% of the GDP of all countries.

 GDP and GDP per capita in the Sava River Basin

Country

GDP(milion EUR)

GDP per capita

(EUR/ capita)

whole country

Sava River Basin

Share

(%)

whole country

Sava River Basin

Slovenia

28.704

19.331

67

14.328

15.771

Croatia

31.255

17.212

55

7036

7.788

Bosnia and Hercegovina

8.654

6490

75

2.252

2.252

Serbia

20.358

3.913

19

2.736

2.110

Total

88.971

46.946

53

5.018

5.742

 Source: ISRBC, The Sava River Basin Analysis – Summary, December 2010, p. 27

***

Next week on the most recent developments in the Sava river basin cooperation …


  1. International Sava River Basin Commission, „The Sava River Basin Analysis – Summary“, December 2010., p 26 

  2. Central Bank of Bosnia and Herzegovina, Bulletin 2/2011, Sarajevo , August 2011. p. 46. 

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